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Diet for stomach and duodenal ulcers


Duodenal ulcer is an insidious disease that brings limitations to the patient’s life. To avoid worsening the condition, you will need to eat properly. What diet should you follow? How to make a diet taking into account the nature of the disease?

Duodenal ulcer: what is a diet for and will it help to heal tissues

Duodenal ulcer is a complex disease that leads to damage to the mucous membrane of the organ. The formation of the disease is influenced by many factors:

  • harmful activity of the bacteria Helicobacter Pylori;
  • emotional disorders, stress;
  • improper diet, leading to damage to the intestinal mucosa;
  • bad habits that are annoying factors;
  • uncontrolled intake of certain medications, for example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Nurofen, Ibuprofen).

These factors enhance the production of acids, which aggressively affect the layers of the duodenum and damage them. As a result, the patient has symptoms:

  • discomfort on the right side below the navel in the form of a sharp pain, in some cases spreading to the back;
  • heartburn after eating;
  • nausea;

The painful sensations that occur with duodenal ulcers are often dependent on the time of day and season. For example, some patients experience an increase in pain syndrome at night, and exacerbation stages are characteristic of the spring-autumn period. Or you can buy aciphex

Diet is one of the methods to avoid exacerbation of the disease and deterioration of the patient’s well-being. With proper nutrition, the following results are achieved:

  • the number of relapses decreases;
  • the healing process of the mucous membrane of the duodenum improves;
  • microflora is restored;
  • the likelihood of damage to inflamed areas decreases;
  • the level of acid production is normalized.

Diet during an exacerbation: features of tables No. 1a, No. 1b

During an exacerbation of duodenal ulcer, diet table No. 1a is used, which has the following features:

  • fractional food intake – 5-6 times a day;
  • limited salt intake – 3-6 g per day;
  • daily ration weight – no more than 2.5 kg.

The patient takes food in small portions at a strictly allotted time. It will be necessary to control other indicators, for example, the content of fats, proteins and carbohydrates:

  • fats – 90 g;
  • proteins – 100 g;
  • carbohydrates – 200 g.

Kissel from fruits and berries, soups, diet cutlets, rosehip broth and other dishes in the aggravation stage

The diet is prescribed in the first 10-12 days after the onset of the exacerbation stage. During this period, you can use:

  • jelly from fruits and berries;
  • soups (only mucous) from cereals: rice, oatmeal or semolina;
  • steam soufflé (no more than 1 time per day) from lean meats: chicken, beef;
  • cream;
  • steamed omelets.

As a drink, a rosehip decoction of weak concentration is allowed.

In the next 10-12 days, a table number 1b is assigned, which differs from the previous diet. The following foods are introduced into the diet:

  • meatballs or cutlets made from dietary meat or fish;
  • chopped porridge;
  • white bread made from premium flour, but not more than 100 g per day.

Proper nutrition during remission: do’s and don’ts, how to cook food

During remission, the patient is assigned a table number 1. During the day you need to consume:

  • proteins – 400 g;
  • carbohydrates – 90 g;
  • fats – 90 g;
  • liquid – not less than 1.5 liters.

The diet has other features:

  • the amount of salt – no more than 10 g per day;
  • daily ration weight – no more than 3 kg;
  • steaming or cooking dishes;
  • food is served chopped up.

Table number 1 is introduced 20-24 days after the onset of the exacerbation stage and taking into account the patient’s condition.

Diet food after surgery: dried bread, omelet, steamed meat and other foods

The surgical diet is prescribed after the performed interventions – on the 4-5th day of the patient’s stay in the hospital. The patient is allowed the following dishes:

  • weak tea;
  • white bread (dried out);
  • jelly;
  • jelly on starch;
  • vegetable broth;
  • steam omelets;
  • steamed dietary meat.
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